EXTRACTION AND REEXTRACTION OF HISTIDINE AND RIBOFLAVIN BY N-VINYLCAPROLACTAME COPOLYMERS WITH 1-VINYL- AND...

EXTRACTION AND REEXTRACTION OF HISTIDINE AND RIBOFLAVIN
BY N-VINYLCAPROLACTAME COPOLYMERS WITH 1-VINYL- AND 1-METHACRYLOYL-3,5-DIMETHYLPYROZOLE
Copolymers of N-vinylcaprolactam (VC) with 1-vinyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazole (VDMP) and 1-methacryloyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazole (MDMP) were synthesized by free radical copoly-merization in dioxane with azodiisobutironitrole as initiator. Both water-soluble and water-insoluble copolymers were obtained. The copolymers compositions were determined by FTIR and UV-spectroscopy. The copolymerization constants were calculated and they were: for VC (М1)–VDMP, r1 = 0.65 ± 0.03, r2 = 0.43 ± 0.03; for VC (М1)–MDMP, r1 = 0.79 ± 0.04, r2 = 0.21 ± 0.02. These values show that VC (М1) exhibits somewhat higher activity compared to М2 and that the tendency toward alternation of comonomer units is more pronounced in VC–MDMP copolymers (r1r2 = 0.17) compared to VC–VDMP copolymers (r1r2 = 0.27). It was found that VC–VDMP copolymers are water-soluble at VC content higher than 75 mol %, and VC–MDMP copolymers at VC content higher than 88 mol %. The water-soluble copoly-mers based on VC have lower critical solution temperature. Their values are in range of 54-69 °C.Two-phases water-salts systems based on synthesized water-soludle thermoresponsive copolymers are proposed for histidine and riboflavin (re)extraction in aqueous media. It was found that extraction systems based on VC-VDMP copolymers are more efficient then VC-MDMP systems. Degree of extraction for both substances in a case of VC-VDMP copolymers achieved 96%. Reextraction carried out by thermoprecipitation of VC (co)polymers. It was shown that reextraction is more efficient at pH 7.6 and its degree achieved 61.7 % for histi-dine.

Key words: copolymers, (re)extraction, histidine, riboflavin

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2016, Т. 59, № 7, Стр. 55-60

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