BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SYNTHETIC ORGANIC DYES

DOI: 
10.6060/tcct.2017601.5423

For citation:
Kuznetsov D.N., Kobrakov K.I., Ruchkina
A.G., Stankevich G.S. Biologically active synthetic organic dyes. Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Khim. Khim. Tekhnol. 2017. V. 60. N 1. P. 4-33.

 

 This review is based on the publications found in CAS (Chemical
Abstracts Service) database available from STN (The Scientific and Technical
Information Network) with respect to dyes, and the compounds that can be
classified as the dyes molecular variants. The substances were categorised
based on the dyes chromophore properties. Special care was taken to determine
the “composition - property” profile within the range of structurally similar
compounds. An extensive list of literature references is provided to support
the review's subject, including the authors’ own studies on the synthesis,
properties and applications of coloured biologically active compounds. The view
covers the uses of coloured biologically active compounds as textile dyes and
the uses in other industries such as medical, agricultural etc. The review is
substantially focused on biocidal azo dyes for the reason of the great variety
of possible diazo and azo components which are used for the synthesis of dyes
to create an abundance of biocidal dyes with a wide scale of colors. Usage of
dyes which add expressed biocidal properties to the coloured textile and other
materials and make them resistent to physical and chemical agents is a subject
of obvious practical interest, as this enables the combination of two
manufacturing processes in one step: coloration and special chemical treatment.
Moreover, as it appears from the review, biocidal dyes may be used as additives
to the primary dye, without affecting the colour of the object being dyed,
albeit in quantities sufficient to endow the required biocidal properties. As
demonstated by the review, streamlined synthesis of textile dyes exhibiting
biocidal properties, which are able to make a material resistent to
biodeterioration or add medicinal properties to the material, is hard to
accomplish due to the lack of profound understanding of the mode of action of
such compounds. However, the available “composition - property” data and the
computer-aided screening data of the biological activity of organic compounds
allow us to model and synthesise target products with a high degree of
confidence. The review doesn’t cover the properties of biocidal dyes derived
from natural raw materials.

Key words:
dyes, dyed compounds, biological activity, biosidity, textile materials

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